2 Sam 5:1-10; 1 Chron 11-12
You’re seeing this correctly….10 versus in 2 Sam 5 and then 2 chapters in 1 Chronicles.
Remember we are reading the bible chronologically so we do a lot of jumping around particularly through 2 Samuel, Chronicles, Psalms, and Kings. I know you are probably sick of me saying this…but reading the bible chronologically (for me) opened my eyes to sooooo many things that I either could not understand in the past or thought just too boring to trudge through. I pray reading it this way does the same thing for you….touches your heart deeply and gives you wisdom of God’s Word as never before.
This reading is a HUGE moment in our history. This reading was when David and his men conquered JERUSALEM!! This is the HOLIEST CITY IN THE WORLD, the epicenter of the world!!! God CHOSE David and his men to conquer Jerusalem, David “a man after God’s own heart.” This is the VERY place in the NT where Jesus comes, it will also be the SAME city where he will make his 2nd RETURN. THIS is the city where the Temple will be built during Solomon’s reign. It is the city where Muslim’s currently reign (descendants of Ishmael, Esau, and Ham). BUT… it will be the VERY site where Jesus lives during the Millennium!!! Can you say IMPORTANT…in the OT…in the NT…and for all eternity??? WOW So, let’s take a look at what happened. We start out our reading in 2 Samuel 5, turned to 1 Chronicles 11 and read the same information.
In the book of Judges we witnessed the 12 tribes fighting against each other, the same tribes God lead into the Promised Land, the same 12 tribes whose ancestors had wandered the desert for 40 years. At the end of 1 Samuel we saw the death of Saul and three of his sons. Ish-Bosheth, one of Saul’s sons ASSUMED he would be made king of Israel, after all, he would be following in his father’s foot steps. After waiting 5 1/2 years he ruled over Israel for 2 years. However, that was not God’s plan. David was God’s plan and was to be made king of ALL of Israel. When David was first anointed king, it was by Samuel, in private, and David was approximately 17. At the age of 30 David was publicly anointed the King of Judah in Hebron. At approximately 37, David was anointed King of ALL of Israel in Jerusalem. 20 years is a LONG time to wait on God’s timing, but David did it. He made sure all who served him KNEW they were serving GOD.
This is my 2nd time reading the bible chronologically, and what continually hits me is that this HISTORY is SO critical to any understanding of what is happening in this SAME area TODAY!! Jerusalem was occupied by the Jebusites. You may have recognized that name: Jebusites were first mentioned in Genesis 10:16 as a descendant of the Hammites. The Hammites were descendants of Ham, the son Noah cursed for mocking him in his drunkenness (Genesis 9). So, this line of people became a people that God would determine as needing to be judged. They were mentioned again next during the Covenant with Abraham from God in Genesis 15:
“On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram and said, “To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates- the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites.”
The Jebusites were people God specifically told the Israelites to completely destroy and leave NO reminant (no women, no children, no plunder, no animals, NADA, ZERO, ZILCH.) Because the Israelites did not listen to God’s command, these people are not only negative influences on the life God desired for the Israelites, but they are also their enemies. I certainly can’t explain God’s determination of who stayed and who didn’t but because I do KNOW that God wants all to come to know HIM, that these people most likely had NO desire to EVER know the ONE TRUE GOD, lived the ways they chose, and God KNEW their hearts. HE KNEW what bad influences they would have on Israel and He knew if Israel did not obey Him… their enemies would grow stronger.
I enjoyed reading how David chose his “mighty men.” He picked men he trusted. Joab became his Commander In Chief because he chose to lead the capture of Jerusalem. Then David chose his 3 Chiefs under Joab because they each had served him well. He knew each of these men were skilled, loyal, and devoted to God. We learn about a couple of others who were in his mighty men also because of their loyalty and skill. From there there were 30 leaders, and then each tribe presented their leaders with great skill. In researching each of the names listed as being part of his 30 (there were more than 30 names) but most of these men were Israelites. There were a few I researched where the city they were from was “unknown at this time.” The two that really caught my attention were the ones from the Ammonites and from the Moabites. The Ammonites and Moabites were descendants of Lot’s (with his two daughters.) Of course, Ruth, David’s great grandmother was a Moabite so that may have changed the relationship. Whatever the reason, these men CHOSE to come and support David as King of Israel. They had heard of and seen all he had done for many years. They knew he was a shepherd … a great warrior…now leading a great nation. 1 Chronicles 11:2 says: “…And The Lord your God said to you, ‘You will shepherd my people Israel, and you will become their ruler.”
The Jebusites in 1 Chronicles 11 now occupy the great city of Jerusalem. Taking Jerusalem was for political and military purpose. The city at this point was neutral because it sat on a “tribal border” plus militarily it had a great location. It was in the center of all the tribes and it was high on the hill (which is why in the NT, Jesus refers to it as The City on the Hill,) making it difficult to attack. The Jebusites felt quite confident that there was NO way they could be attacked because of their location. However, we see in Chronicles, great warriors from all the tribes, described in Chapter 12 “like an army of God“, especially the Benjaminites (Saul’s men) came together under David. David took his men through the water tunnel of the city to enter and conquer.
David then took up residence in the fortress and called it the City of David. He built up the area around it, from the supporting terraces inward. And he became more and more powerful, because the LORD God Almighty was with him. (2 Samuel 5:9,10)
I so enjoyed reading that ALL of the tribes supported David… including the Levites. According to Numbers 1:47-50, God said that the Levites were to be exempt from military service. Although they were exempt from the “draft” they could still volunteer their services to help install the new king. If you count the tribes… you will count 13 since the Levites volunteered!! THIS is totally amazing considering at Saul’s death the Nation was beginning to split. Now, after 7 1/2 years of being King of Judah, David is NOW King of all of Israel with support of ALL the tribes!!! Israel will remain united for all of David’s reign for 40 years (2 Samuel 5:4) plus an additional 30 years. They will remain united for a total of 70 years. PLEASE NOTE— we know the devastating division is coming…but as of right now we’ll have a chance to enjoy the unity of Israel.
Sharing HIS love