Chapter 18 – The KJV states verse 1 as: “…that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.” Usually I use the NIV but I thought it was important to gain a deeper understanding of this verse. Jonathan and David’s souls were knit together. The BLB defines “knit” as “to tie, bind together.” It goes further to state: “his soul is bound up with him…” “…embraces him with close love” and it is compared with that between a father or mother and a child. The Hebrew word for love used here has political and diplomatic connotations as in 1 Samuel 16:21 and 1 Kings 5:1. Jonathan and David entered into a covenant relationship which was to last a lifetime between individual and friends. They shared a wonderful friendship together that God blessed them with from the moment they met. If we look at their total story as we read the books of Samuel we will see how their deep friendship was one God knew they needed in such a critical time.
As we continue to read about David watch his character unfold. NO, he was not a perfect man/person (NO one except Jesus Christ is perfect) yet God called David “a man after my own heart” (Acts 13:22.) The name David means “beloved”. David was a man of integrity and faith; although we will witness each of his downfalls. In each of his downfalls, he always returned to the LORD to ask for forgiveness and repented.
In Joshua we read that he always walked by faith and obedience. As we read about young David, a man after God’s own heart, we can see why God said this about him. Look at verse 5:
WHATEVER Saul sent him to do, David did it successfully.
Success according to the Lord means to be Wise, and prudent, to achieve a favorable outcome.
Verses 7-9 are critical verses in our reading of David, and Saul.
“Saul has slain his thousands,
and David his tens of thousands.”
Saul was very angry; this refrain galled him. “They have credited David with tens of thousands,” he thought, “but me with only thousands. What more can he get but the kingdom?” 9 And from that time on Saul kept a jealous eye on David.
This is a HUGE turning point for Saul. Saul was 30 years old when he became king and reigned for 42 years (1 Samuel 13:1). David was 30 years old when he became king and he reigned for 40 years (2 Samuel 5:4). Saul spent most of his years showing his true colors as David did his …. BUT WHAT a difference in their colors!!! Saul was prideful, full of fear, always made excuses for his sin (never an sincere apology), continually in a jealous rage, and always looking for a way to kill David. David spend most of his years living for God, praising and worshiping God, showing faith, and when he sinned he confessed and repented. Saul lived a very sad life … ESPECIALLY because God left him due to his heart. God saw David’s heart which is why HE picked him; a heart of integrity; always seeking God!! Once again we see the difference our CHOICES can make. ALL CHOICES have CONSEQUENCES and here we see back to back good choices and very poor choices. We have the same choices to make … do we spend our lives CHOOSING to be angry and jealous or do we CHOOSE to be grateful, thankful, compassionate, kind, having integrity, and seeking God???? Matthew 12:34 (KJV) – “…For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.”
Verse 10 – “The next day an evil spirit from God came forcefully on Saul….He was prophesying in his house, David was playing the harp, as he usually did. Saul had a spear in his hand and he HURLED it,, saying to himself, “I’ll pin David to the wall.” But David eluded him twice.”
This isn’t the first time we have seen where an evil spirit from the Lord came and entered Saul, and it will not be the last time we see it. (1 Samuel 16:14-16, 23; and 19:9.) Saul had directly disobeyed God on two occasions (1 Samuel 13:1-14; 15:1-35.) I have heard people ask – does God sends evil spirits to torment people today? We see this with Saul and we can see it in Acts 5:1-11 in the story of Ananias and Sapphira (God allowed an evil spirit of satan to fill these two as a warning and example to the early church.) There are other examples in the NT (1 Cor 5:1-5; Matthew 4:1-11; & 2 Cor 12:7.) IF God does allow evil spirits to torment people today, HE does so with the goal of our good and HIS glory (Romans 8:28.). Keep in mind that although demons are evil, they are STILL under God’s sovereign control. We read in Job that satan and his minions could ONLY do what God allowed them to do (Job 1:12; 2:6.) They NEVER act independently of God’s perfect will and purpose. The bottom line is that GOD is in control.
Saul’s jealousy, fear, and anger became bent on killing David so he kept sending him into battle, promising him one of his daughters. David returned from one battle and the oldest daughter was given to another. OK DAVID… and JONATHAN… TIME TO WAAAAKKKKKKEEEEEEE UP!!
He returns to fight the Philistines again but in order to marry Saul’s youngest daughter, Michal, David had to bring back 100 foreskins….. OUCH!!! David brings back 200 foreskins …OUCH!!! I’d say that was SOME “dowry” to gain a bride!! Yet, the result was double what Saul asked. Saul gave Michal to David in marriage. Realizing that the Lord was continually with David and that his daughter really loved David… Saul became more afraid…more determined…more angry!!
Chapter 19 –Jonathan and David’s friendship demonstrates strong in the next two chapters. Michal tried to hide the fact that David was not there (she encouraged him to leave so her father would not kill him).
David fled to his mentor Samuel. Saul sent troops three times to kill him but each time the troops ended up prophesying. Saul decided he would go himself and the Spirit of God came upon him and not only did he prophesy but he stripped off his garments and lay naked all that day and night!!
GOD WAS NOT GOING TO ALLOW SAUL TO KILL DAVID!!
Chapter 20 – Jonathan finally saw that his Dad was on a mission to kill David and helped him escape. However, notice in verses 14-15 when Jonathan says: “But show me unfailing kindness like the LORD’s kindness as long as I live, so that I may not be killed, and do not ever cut off you kindness from MY FAMILY-not even when the LORD has cut off every one of David’s enemies from the face of the earth.”
David reaffirmed the oath with Jonathan.
In Jonathan and David’s friendship and in their oath/agreement, Jonathan would have served as second in command in David’s future reign, and David was to protect Jonathan’s family. Jonathan, unlike his father, knew that David would be king and he wanted to serve with him…not against him. We see no evidence that Jonathan felt anything negative for not taking the throne after his father.
WE WILL SEE THIS OATH COME TO PASS IN FUTURE READINGS!! Keep David’s promise to Jonathan in the back of your mind…. To protect his family!!
We see true friendship between these two men which involved loyality, sacrifice, compromise, and emotional attachment. TRUE friendship today involves the same characteristics.
As you read the Psalms for today, read them with what you have read from Samuel in the back of your mind. THIS is the context they were written in. We see David alone, sad, fearful, hunted, running to save his life, YET HE DID NOTHING WRONG!! We will also see him TRUST the Lord, praise the Lord through his pain, and BELIEVE in God’s character!!! See what I mean about looking at David’s character??
David wrote 73 Psalms and probably authored some of the anonymous ones too. Read them as closely as you would read a letter you got in the mail from a loved one.
Psalm 11: is a Declaration of Faith! No matter what the danger, GOD is STILL on the THRONE, if we trust in God there is no need to panic! HE is our REFUGE.
Psalm 59: Prayer for protection and punishment… Deliver me from my enemies, Be my Fortress, You are my strength, I will sing of your love!! GREAT Words to cling to with all our hearts, eh?
Once again I ask each of you for your forgiveness for this late post today … doctors appointments kept me off schedule all day.. a 30 minute appointment took 3 hours…. BUT I praise God that I have an AWESOME doctor who truly cares so time is nothing when you have such a gift!!
Sharing HIS love,