Jewish Calendar

THE JEWISH CALENDAR

The Old Testament is mentioning months that things happened or are to happen so all you detail folks out there might find this interesting.

The Jews used two kinds of calendars:
SACRED Calendar — from which festivals were computed
Civil Calendar — official calendar of kings, childbirth, contracts
NAMES OF MONTHS CORRESPONDS WITH NO. OF DAYS MONTH IN SACRED YEAR MONTH IN CIVIL YEAR
NISAN/ABIB Mar-Apr 30 days 1st 7th
IYYAR/ZIV Apr-May 29 2nd 8th
SIVAN May-June 30 3rd 9th
TAMMUZ June-July 29 4th 10th
AB July-Aug 30 5th 11th
*ELUL Aug-Sept 29 6th 12th
TISHRI/ETHANIM Sept-Oct 30 7th 1st
MAR-HESHVAN/BUL Oct-Nov 29 or 30 8th 2nd
CHISLEV or Keslev Nov-Dec 29 or 30 9th 3rd
TEBETH Dec-Jan 29 10th 4th
SHEBAT Jan-Feb 30 11th 5th
ADAR Feb-Mar 29 or 30 12th 6th
The Jewish day was from sunset to sunset, in 8 equal parts:
FIRST WATCH…..………………………………………………………………………….SUNSET TO 9PM
SECOND WATCH………………………………………………………………………..9PM TO MIDNIGHT
THIRD WATCH …………………………………………………………………………..MIDNIGHT TO 3AM
FOURTH WATCH…………………………………………………………………………3AM TO SUNRISE
FIRST HOUR………………………………………………………………………………..SUNRISE TO 9AM
THIRD HOUR……………………………………………………………………………….9AM TO NOON
SIXTH HOUR………………………………………………………………………………..NOON TO 3PM
NINTH HOUR………………………………………………………………………………3PM TO SUNSET
*Hebrew months were alternately 30 and 29 days long  Their year, shorter than ours, had 354 days.  Therefore, about every three years (7 times in 19 years) an extra 29 day month VEADAR, was added between ADAR and NISAN.
Jewish Calendar information from 2 sources:

  • Life Application Bible page 147. 
  • Nelson’s Complete Book of Bible Maps and Charts pg 48.
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